Monday, February 10, 2014

How to update and upgrade Zorin OS

These are the first command lines I've learned as a fresh Linux user. In fact, these are the first command lines I wrote in the Terminal immediately after installing Zorin OS on my netbook. And this is what I do every day to keep my system up to date, stable and secure.

I open the Terminal by pressing in the same time the keys:

Ctrl+Alt+T

And the Terminal looks like this:

Terminal in Zorin OS
Fig. 1 - Control+Alt+T to open Terminal

Update Zorin OS via command line


First, I do the update. In order to do this, just after the blinking cursor line, I type:

sudo apt-get update

and then I hit "Enter" key.

Immediately, I'm asked for the administrative password. (In Linux, nothing is allowed to move without written permission!).

Zorin OS Terminal update
Fig.2 - Write the password and press Enter


I type the password (remains invisible) and then I press "Enter" key. And a bunch of lines start flowing on the screen, just like in the screnshot bellow:

Zorin OS Terminal update
Fig.3 - Let the Matrix flow... :)

And, when is done, it looks like this:

Zorin OS Terminal update
Fig.4 - The update process is over



And then...

Upgrade Zorin OS via command line

I type the line:

sudo apt-get upgrade 

Zorin OS Terminal upgrade
Fig.5 - How to upgrade Zorin OS


And press "Enter" key.
Usually, this time it doens't ask me for pasword. Only if I wait for more than 5 minutes between the two operations. But... looks like this time I did expected too long!



Zorin OS Terminal upgrade command line
Fig.6 - A normal upgrade is over



 And that's it! Now, I can close the Terminal...

I'll update this post.

Update on 12 February 2013

More about upgrade


Sometimes, - not always -  during the process, I'm informed about certain upgrades available and I'm asked if I accept it or not. Like in the example bellow.

Zorin OS Terminal upgrade
Fig.7 - Upgrading...

Of course, I accept it. In order to do that, I press "y" key and then "Enter" key.

The lines start flowing again till the familiar end...

And, during the whole process another widows appears. It is the Update Manager, an app that is also used for keeping the OS up-to-date. When it does...

I click on "Install updates" button.

Zorin OS Terminal Update Manager
Fig.8 - Update Manager GUI in the front...


 Then, of course, I click "Close".

These are the steps I take daily.

Maybe some experienced Linux users (especially the Ubuntu fans) would say that if I use the command lines is no need to use Update Manager. While the new Linux users perhaps would feel happier if I would say them just to use easier method : Update Manager. They would thus have a motive get read of the "ugly" Terminal.

The fact is that, maybe I'm overly careful doing both ways, BUT definitely, Terminal must be used for keeping Zorin OS up-to-date. Maybe other things can be done in the good old (graphical) way  we are used to do as Windows users, but, there are still some things that Linux imply the command line.

Anyway, for me, this was a good reason to get accustomed with the Terminal... And now I really like it! :-)

List of updates made on 12 February 2013

- changed the title a bit
- added more info
- added another images
- numbered the images
- did some SEO for the images because last time I was too lazy to do that. :-)

6 comments:

  1. Is this the same for 32 bit or is it only for 64 bit? Is this still good for Zorin 6.4? Thank you

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. The same for just about all Linux flavours........

      Delete
    2. Hi! Sorry for my late reply! Meanwhile, looks like you've got already the right answer from other commenter (and I thank him for that).

      These command lines are can be used on almost all of the Linux distributions, except, for example, Fedora, a popular distro based on Redhat. Just for your curiosity, please, see the link bellow:

      https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Upgrading_Fedora_using_yum

      But, as I could see (there is no official statistics on that), most of the Linux users tend to prefer a distro "originated" from Debian. In fact, Zorin OS is based on Ubuntu, and Ubuntu is based on Debian. And if we think that Ubuntu only (not to mention its lawfully "relatives", namely Kubuntu, Lubuntu, Edubuntu, etc or the non-canonical ones, like our Zorin OS) has a lot of users, then you can get the picture.

      On my netbook I run Zorin OS 6.4 Core LTS 64 bit. The article posted here is based on my experience with this distro. On 32 bit things are the same.

      Regards!

      Delete
  2. hello, i have zorin os 6 ultimate. But i see that now there is a version 9. If i run update and then upgrade, will my zorin os 6 become zorin os 9? sorry, but i still am supper noob, since i only usee it for office and surfing ;) but the looks of zorin os 9 is prettier, and i believe it should have new features. other thing. since i had zorin 6 paid, and i upgrade, will i have the equivalent of zorin 9 ultimate, or just a zorin 6 updated? sorry if this is too obvius, but since zorin 7 i wanted to upgrade, but i was never sure about it, since, i can not pay anymor, because i am from venezuela, and the free version lacks some programs i like

    ReplyDelete
  3. Ziua buna, intersante tutorialele. Dar in limba romana se gaseste ceva? Multumesc

    ReplyDelete
  4. Thanks for this. For some reason thru update manager it looked like it was hung up, nothing popped up to show progress. Using your method I was able to see all the ongoing progress in the Terminal (took a while). I'm now updated. Thanks again.

    ReplyDelete

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